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:: Volume 10, Issue 4 (3-2017) ::
مرتع 2017, 10(4): 409-425 Back to browse issues page
Evaluating tolerance of plants species to heavy metals in oil polluted region (Case study: Pazanan Gachsaran)
Esfandiyar Jahantab, Mohammad Jafari , Babak Motasharezadeh, Ali Tavili, Nosratallah Zargham
Abstract:   (3347 Views)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the tolerance of various plant species to heavy metals in oil polluted region of Pazanan Gachsaran. Three zones with various distances from highly polluted area were selected including 0 to 500 m, 500 to 1000 m and 1000 to 1500 m from pollution sources. Thirty plots of 2×2 were established in each transect and their vegetation characteristics were measured. Fifteen soil samples were collected and ICP- OES Instrument was used to measure Ni and Pb contents. Translocation Factor, Bio Concentration Factor and Biological Accumulation Coefficient indicators were used to evaluate the potential of 24 plant species from 12 families to absorb heavy metals.  Results showed that the concentration of total and exchangeable soil Pb and Ni varied significantly between the various pollution zones. Xanthium   spinosum L. ، Alhagi camelorum، Sinapis arvensis L.، Calotropis procera L.، Stipagrostis plumosa ،Avena fatua L  and  Cynodon dactylon have Hyperaccumulator characteristics  for  Pb absorption Stipagrostis plumosa، Calotropis procera L.،  Xanthium spinosum L.،   Centaurea iberica،  Sinapis arvensis L. ،  Stipa capensis  and Cynodon dactylon were  identified as plant species with high accumulating potential  for Ni. According to the results, some plant such as Stipagrostis plumosa، Calotropis procera L. and Sinapis arvensis L. have high potential for phytoremedation purposes and can be recommended in soil, contaminated soil containing Ni and Pb.

Keywords: Oil producing regions, Heavy metals, Plants species, Pazanan Gachsaran
Full-Text [PDF 378 kb]   (1003 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/03/9 | Accepted: 2017/03/9 | Published: 2017/03/9
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Jahantab E, jafari M, Motasharezadeh B, Tavili A, Zargham N. Evaluating tolerance of plants species to heavy metals in oil polluted region (Case study: Pazanan Gachsaran). مرتع. 2017; 10 (4) :409-425
URL: http://rangelandsrm.ir/article-1-422-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 4 (3-2017) Back to browse issues page
مرتع Rangeland
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